What Can You Do With a Degree in Industrial Organizational Psychology? [2024 Guide]

Last Updated: June 29, 2024

Industrial-Organizational (I-O) Psychology is a dynamic and rapidly evolving field that offers a wealth of career opportunities for those interested in the intersection of psychology and the workplace. More and more businesses are acknowledging the importance of their human capital and are striving to optimize their operations and business processes, resulting in a growing demand for professionals with a background in I-O psychology.

In this article, we will explore popular I-O psychology degree career options, from Organizational Consultants and Human Resources Managers to Instructional Designers and Project Managers. We will discuss how the unique blend of human understanding, organizational insights, and data analysis skills that I-O psychology provides can enhance job performance in these roles.

careers in industrial organizational psychology

What are the Careers in Industrial Organizational Psychology?

Staffing and Recruiting Manager

A Staffing and Recruiting Manager plays an instrumental role within the human resources department of a company. They are responsible for outlining the personnel needs of the organization, creating and advertising job roles, conducting interviews, and ensuring all recruitment activities align with the organization’s policies and legal requirements.

Duties also include developing a strong brand identity for the company to attract top-tier candidates, and managing relations with external recruitment agencies.

A degree in industrial organizational psychology can significantly benefit you in this role. Here’s why:

  • Understanding People: This branch of psychology focuses on human behavior, specifically within workplace environments. This understanding is key when it comes to attracting, motivating, and retaining employees.
  • Evaluating Employees: I-O psychology degrees include training on various methods to assess employee capabilities and behaviors. This knowledge is crucial when selecting the best fit for a position or team.
  • Organizational Structure and Development: The principles of organizational development, also covered in I-O psychology programs, can help you in understanding how to build effective teams, motivate employees, and manage changes in the company.
  • Training Design and Implementation: The focus on employee training and development provides the necessary knowledge to effectively onboard and train new hires.
  • Legal Compliance: A fundamental aspect of industrial organizational psychology is the study of ethics and employment law. This can help you in ensuring recruitment and workplace practices are ethical and comply with legal regulations.
  • Data-Driven Decision Making: You can use the research skills gained from an I-O psychology degree to evaluate and implement recruitment strategies based on solid data and evidence.

Human Resources Executive

You may be able to use your bachelor’s degree in industrial-organizational degree to help companies resolve co-worker conflicts and/or employee-management conflicts. Due to your training and expertise in psychological principles, companies may hire you to help them better understand their employees. They may also hire you to help improve workplace morale and employee satisfaction.

In this capacity, your main responsibility will be to act as a liaison between employees and upper management. You may also be responsible for hiring, firing and/or promoting employees.

Organizational Effectiveness Consultant

As an Organizational Effectiveness Consultant, you would be tasked with helping organizations improve their performance and reach their strategic goals more effectively. You will focus on enhancing areas such as leadership development, change management, employee performance, team effectiveness, and organizational design.

You will also work with clients to identify issues affecting productivity and propose solutions to optimize the functioning of their teams and the whole organization. Your role could involve developing and implementing training programs, conducting workshops, or reorganizing the structure of teams or departments.

Let’s explore how industrial and organizational psychology can benefit you in this role:

  • Understanding of Human Behavior: The core of industrial-organizational psychology is understanding human behavior in the workplace. This knowledge allows you to predict and influence behaviors within the organization to improve productivity and job satisfaction.
  • Knowledge of Team Dynamics: By understanding the dynamics of team behavior, you can help organizations build more effective teams and improve team-based productivity.
  • Training and Development: I-O psychology degrees include focus on employee training and development. You can apply this knowledge to develop and implement effective training programs to address skill gaps and enhance performance.
  • Change Management: An understanding of how to manage change in an organization is a significant aspect of I-O psychology. This knowledge is valuable when helping organizations navigate periods of change and ensuring changes are accepted and implemented smoothly.
  • Ethics and Law: Courses on ethics and employment law will help you advise organizations on the best practices to follow to ensure compliance with laws and promote ethical conduct.

As an Organizational Effectiveness Consultant, your I-O psychology degree can equip you with the understanding and tools to diagnose organizational issues and propose evidence-based solutions. This would enable you to assist organizations in improving their effectiveness, productivity, and overall work environment.

Behavioral Analyst

A Behavioral Analyst is a professional who specializes in understanding, predicting, and altering human behaviors. Often working in fields like healthcare, education, and social services, you would typically use principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA) to assess individuals’ behavior and create treatment plans to improve their quality of life.

As a Behavioral Analyst, your duties might include conducting assessments to determine behavioral needs, designing and implementing behavior intervention plans, tracking progress, and modifying plans as necessary. You wouldd work closely with other professionals, families, and the individuals themselves to facilitate behavioral changes.

Now, let’s discuss how a degree in industrial and organizational psychology can aid you in this role:

  • Understanding Human Behavior: Industrial-organizational psychology provides a deep understanding of human behavior, especially within work or organization settings. As a Behavioral Analyst, this can help you understand the root causes of behavior, predict future behavior, and develop effective intervention strategies.
  • Research and Assessment Skills: In an industrial and organizational psychology program, you are trained in various research methods and assessment techniques. This knowledge can be applied when conducting behavioral assessments and monitoring the effectiveness of behavior interventions.
  • Intervention Design: The knowledge of motivational techniques, reinforcement principles, and change management strategies can aid you in designing effective interventions that bring about desired behavioral changes.
  • Knowledge of Organizational Behavior: Understanding the behavior of individuals in a group or organizational setting can be useful when working with clients who face difficulties in the workplace or other social environments.
  • Data Analysis: Industrial-organizational psychology involves analyzing data to make informed decisions. As a Behavioral Analyst, these skills would be beneficial in interpreting the results of behavioral assessments and evaluating the effectiveness of intervention strategies.


You may also use your industrial-organizational psychology degree to research business-related issues. Your main responsibilities will be to research company practices in an effort to improve productivity and quality within the workplace. Your primary function will be to develop more effective company policies and practices.

You may accomplish these tasks by distributing surveys to employees, interviewing employees and/or creating company focus groups. Your goal will be to assess employee and/or consumer satisfaction. To be effective in this career you will need to have a strong background in statistics, psychology and business management.

Consumer Psychologist

You may also use your doctorate in industrial-organizational to enter the world of consumer psychology. Your degree may help you analyze consumer preferences, motivations and purchases. A company may hire you to help them determine what consumers really want and need.

It may also hire you to help convince consumers why a particular product will be beneficial for them. The majority of your time might be spent developing effective advertising and marketing strategies, studying the relationship between emotions and purchasing preferences and analyzing the influence of psychology when selecting a price-point for items.

Organizational Development Psychologist

The majority of people with an industrial-organizational degree work as organizational development psychologists. If you chose to apply your degree to this field, your main function will be to help companies restructure their policies and practices to fit a new merger or acquisition, increase revenue and/or improve employee satisfaction and company morale.

One of the perks of having a degree in industrial-organizational psychology is that you can work in a variety of different industries (medical, health, education, retail, marketing, automotive, etc.).

Your main job functions may include increasing employee productivity, developing training modules, creating and administering job assessments to potential employees, performing human resource duties, supervising research studies and/or teaching at a college or university.

You may also be responsible for helping companies select and/or weed out potential candidates and train new employees. Your main goal will be to help companies increase productivity and quality within the workplace.

You may also be required to help the company more clearly align its practices and policies with its vision and mission statement. In some cases, you may help companies with their firing process and/or work with employees with issues that are affecting their work performance.

industrial organizational psychology degree careers

Technology Consultant

As a Technology Consultant, your main task will be to guide organizations to utilize information technology to achieve their business goals effectively. Your role would involve understanding the unique technology requirements of each organization, creating and implementing suitable IT strategies, and ensuring that these solutions help achieve business objectives.

Your responsibilities could range from analyzing existing tech systems, recommending new tech solutions, troubleshooting issues, and training personnel to use new technologies.

An I-O psychology degree could enhance your role as a Technology Consultant in many way, including:

  • People and Tech Interface: I-O psychology degree focuses on the study of human behavior. It would equip you with the understanding of how people interact with technologies, enabling you to create more user-friendly and effective tech solutions.
  • Transition Navigation: Changes, especially tech-related, can be challenging for organizations. Your knowledge of change management can be critical in ensuring the smooth integration of new technologies with minimal resistance.
  • Teaching and Coaching: Industrial-Organizational psychology programs often have modules on training and development, which could aid you in designing efficient training programs for new system implementations.
  • Organizational Insight: A good understanding of organizational behavior and structure could enable you to customize solutions that fit not just the technical requirements, but also the work culture and operational flow of the organization.
  • Collaborative Work: Insights on team dynamics and effective collaboration, learned from your degree, would be useful when liaising between different teams, such as IT specialists, management, and end-users.
  • Solving Complex Problems: The analytical skills you would develop during this degree could be leveraged for troubleshooting tech issues or creating innovative solutions tailored to the organization’s needs.

While an I-O psychology degree may not be a conventional route for a Technology Consultant, the skills and insights acquired through this degree could significantly boost your performance. It would allow you to bridge the gap between people and technology, leading to more successful tech strategies and implementations.

Instructional Designer

As an Instructional Designer, your role involves designing, developing, and implementing educational programs and training modules. This can include anything from creating online learning courses to designing training materials for businesses. The ultimate goal is to make learning effective and engaging.

You will work to understand the learning needs of a particular group, create instructional materials to meet these needs, and assess the effectiveness of the programs you design.

An I-O psychology degree equips you with a valuable set of skills and knowledge that can enhance your effectiveness as an Instructional Designer. By understanding human behavior, learning theory, and organizational dynamics, you can create educational programs that effectively meet the learning needs of your audience.

Project Manager

As a Project Manager, you would be responsible for planning, executing, and overseeing projects to ensure they are completed in a timely fashion and within budget. Your tasks might include defining project goals and scope, developing detailed plans, coordinating team activities, tracking progress, managing risks and changes, and ensuring that project objectives are met.

Your background in I-O psychology offers insights into effective leadership and team building. You can use this knowledge to build cohesive, high-performing project teams.

Projects often involve changes, and your understanding of change management can help you guide your team through these transitions smoothly, ensuring project continuity and minimizing disruptions.

I-O psychology also involves the use of data analysis to make informed decisions. As a Project Manager, this skill can be beneficial when tracking project progress, identifying potential risks, and making data-driven decisions.

Management Consultant

As a Management Consultant, your role will be to provide expert advice to organizations to help improve their performance and efficiency. This typically involves identifying and analyzing organizational problems, developing strategic plans, facilitating changes, and ensuring these plans are implemented effectively. You might also work on areas like restructuring, market entry, process improvement, cost reduction, or strategic planning.

A strong grasp of change management principles, a core part of I-O psychology, can help ensure that the changes you propose as a Management Consultant are smoothly integrated and yield sustainable results.

Studying I-O psychology also provides insights into conflict resolution within an organizational context. As a Management Consultant, you may need to navigate and mediate disagreements or conflicts that arise during the change process, and your training in this area can be a valuable asset.

The knowledge you have gained on leadership strategies and motivation theories, during your I-O psychology program, can enhance your ability to coach organizational leaders. You can guide them in inspiring their workforce, boosting morale, and ensuring employees are aligned with organizational goals.

Furthermore, as organizations become more diverse and globally interconnected, having an understanding of cultural differences and cross-cultural psychology becomes increasingly important. An I-O psychology degree often includes elements of this, which can be valuable in helping organizations to become more inclusive and in dealing with international teams or clients.

Executive Coach

As an Executive Coach, your primary role will be to provide guidance and support to high-level professionals, often executives or managers, helping them to enhance their leadership skills, navigate challenges, and reach their professional goals.

Your work in this role would typically involve one-on-one sessions focusing on areas like personal development, leadership style, decision-making, communication, team management, and handling stress.

I-O psychology emphasizes effective communication, which can be invaluable in your role as an Executive Coach. Whether you are communicating complex ideas or providing sensitive feedback, strong communication skills can enhance your coaching effectiveness.

As mentioned above, I-O psychology often covers leadership theories and styles. This knowledge can be instrumental in coaching senior executives on how to enhance their leadership capabilities, build cohesive teams, and foster a positive organizational culture.

As an Executive Coach, you may often work with executives facing high levels of stress. Your understanding of psychological well-being and stress management techniques can help you guide executives in managing stress and maintaining work-life balance.

Furthermore, understanding conflict resolution strategies can equip you to help executives navigate interpersonal conflicts and organizational disputes effectively.

College Professor

If you have a doctorate in industrial-organizational psychology, you may be able to enter the education field. Many people with an industrial-organizational psychology degree work in a college or university. You may be hired to teach courses in business and psychology and/or conduct business-related research studies (i.e. new testing assessment, intervention programs, and/or employee training modules).

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