This field of psychology focuses on various aspects of the mind in groups and individuals to treat issues like stress, emotional problems, cognition, phenomenology, personality and behavior. Psychologists treat mental functions to alter the social behavior of individuals on the basis of research and basic principles. In addition to this, the field also focuses on neurobiological and physiological processes that are the cause of cognitive behavior and functions.
Evolutionary psychology is an advanced discipline devoted to examining psychological behaviors such as perception, memory and language in the natural and social sciences. Some developed adaptations are also known to be human science traits. This in turn helps to understand either functional product is natural or sexual choice. In this field, physiological mechanisms like lungs, heart and other vital body organs are studied to comprehend evolutionary biology. This discipline focuses on the mind, considering it to be the same as other body parts but performing different functions with varied modular adaptations. There are schools offering degrees at different levels in this particular subject. Those who wish to pursue a career in this area should attain advanced level education.
Practitioners of this field argue that adaptations are an outcome of human behavior and these adaptations explain problems which are constantly seen in human inherited environments. For this reason, these practitioners are in a great demand. Basically, it entails subject-related fundamental theories that must be read to have concrete knowledge of evolutionary theory.
Evolutionary psychologists believe that the qualities found in every culture reflect their very adaptations. Their work is focused on topics of intelligence, patterns, marriage, infants, bride price and perception of beauty. Their work is practiced in many fields including health, law, economics, politics, psychiatry and literature. The work is research-based and can be divided into broader parts: for instance, problems related to adaptations. Areas of research are consciousness, sensation and perception, learning and facultative adaptations, emotion and motivation, cognition, personality, language, mating, parenting, family and kin, interactions with non-kin, reciprocity and evolution and culture. The sub-fields that could be studied are social psychology, developmental psychology and abnormal psychology.
Students who are passionate to learn the evolutionary theories and further decide to make it a career choice should begin with an associate degree in science or life science. They could later apply for a four-year graduate program of psychology to learn the basic rules and techniques required to comprehend mental development and various related disorders. Courses should be taken in biology, chemistry and physiology.
Once you complete the bachelor’s degree you can apply for a master’s program in psychology that will allow you to concentrate on one subject, which will be divided into several parts to allow you to study it from every single aspect. This degree will take two years to complete including experiments and practice.
Doctoral level programs normally lasts for around five to six years and focus on evolutionary and developmental practice. The course topics are varied and include anthropology, sociology and biology, and some other major courses of intelligence and human behavior. Likewise, special attention is given to areas of social groups, family violence, and facial and vocal characteristics. Students get the chance to attend lectures, work in research labs and complete a dissertation at the end of this degree program. In this degree the topics of discussion include stress response,s sexuality, human adaption, nervous systems, cognition and behavior, consumerism, personality theory and mental illness.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that clinical, counseling and school psychologists held about 100,850 jobs in 2011. These practitioners are employed in various settings including elementary and secondary schools, offices of other health practitioners, individual and family services, out-patient care centers and psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals. Alternatively, practitioners might find work in medicine, teaching, education, research – these are some of the most popular areas to get employed.
As of May 2012, evolutionary psychologists on average earn an annual pay of $49,000. (indeed.com)